Congo, Democratic Republic of the

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Facts about Congo, Democratic Republic of the

Administrative divisions: 10 provinces (provinces , singular - province) and 1 city* (ville); Bandundu , Bas-Congo , Equateur , Kasai-Occidental , Kasai-Oriental , Katanga , Kinshasa* , Maniema , Nord-Kivu , Orientale , Sud-Kivu note: according to the Constitution adopted in December 2005 , the current administrative divisions will be subdivided into 26 new provinces by 2009
Area: total: 2 ,345 ,410 sq km land: 2 ,267 ,600 sq km water: 77 ,810 sq km
Background: Established as a Belgian colony in 1908 , the Republic of the Congo gained its independence in 1960 , but its early years were marred by political and social instability. Col. Joseph MOBUTU seized power and declared himself president in a November 1965 coup. He subsequently changed his name - to MOBUTU Sese Seko - as well as that of the country - to Zaire. MOBUTU retained his position for 32 years through several sham elections , as well as through the use of brutal force. Ethnic strife and civil war , touched off by a massive inflow of refugees in 1994 from fighting in Rwanda and Burundi , led in May 1997 to the toppling of the MOBUTU regime by a rebellion backed by Rwanda and Uganda and fronted by Laurent KABILA. He renamed the country the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) , but in August 1998 his regime was itself challenged by a second insurrection again backed by Rwanda and Uganda. Troops from Angola , Chad , Namibia , Sudan , and Zimbabwe intervened to support KABILA's regime. A cease-fire was signed in July 1999 by the DRC , Congolese armed rebel groups , Angola , Namibia , Rwanda , Uganda , and Zimbabwe but sporadic fighting continued. Laurent KABILA was assassinated in January 2001 and his son , Joseph KABILA , was named head of state. In October 2002 , the new president was successful in negotiating the withdrawal of Rwandan forces occupying eastern Congo; two months later , the Pretoria Accord was signed by all remaining warring parties to end the fighting and establish a government of national unity. A transitional government was set up in July 2003. Joseph KABILA as president and four vice presidents represented the former government , former rebel groups , the political opposition , and civil society. The transitional government held a successful constitutional referendum in December 2005 and elections for the presidency , National Assembly , and provincial legislatures in 2006. KABILA was inaugurated president in December 2006. The National Assembly was installed in September 2006. Its president , Vital KAMERHE , was chosen in December. Provincial assemblies were constituted in early 2007 , and elected governors and national senators in January 2007.
Flag description: sky blue field divided diagonally from the lower hoist corner to upper fly corner by a red stripe bordered by two narrow yellow stripes; a yellow , five-pointed star appears in the upper hoist corner
Capital: name: Kinshasa geographic coordinates: 4 19 S , 15 18 E time difference: UTC+1 (six hours ahead of Washington , DC during Standard Time)
Climate: tropical; hot and humid in equatorial river basin; cooler and drier in southern highlands; cooler and wetter in eastern highlands; north of Equator - wet season (April to October) , dry season (December to February); south of Equator - wet season (November to March) , dry season (April to October)
Currency code: Congolese franc (CDF)
Ethnic groups: over 200 African ethnic groups of which the majority are Bantu; the four largest tribes - Mongo , Luba , Kongo (all Bantu) , and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic) make up about 45% of the population
Geographic coordinates: 0 00 N , 25 00 E
Geography note: straddles equator; has narrow strip of land that controls the lower Congo River and is only outlet to South Atlantic Ocean; dense tropical rain forest in central river basin and eastern highlands
Government type: republic
Imports partners: South Africa 22.2% , Belgium 10.1% , Zambia 8.8% , Zimbabwe 7.3% , France 6.7% , Kenya 6.2% , US 4% , Cote d'Ivoire 4% (2007)
Internet country code: .cd
Land boundaries: 37 km
Neighbouring countries: total: 10 ,730 km border countries: Angola 2 ,511 km (of which 225 km is the boundary of Angola's discontiguous Cabinda Province) , Burundi 233 km , Central African Republic 1 ,577 km , Republic of the Congo 2 ,410 km , Rwanda 217 km , Sudan 628 km , Tanzania 459 km , Uganda 765 km , Zambia 1 ,930 km
Languages: French (official) , Lingala (a lingua franca trade language) , Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili) , Kikongo , Tshiluba
Location: Central Africa , northeast of Angola
Map references: Africa
National holiday: Independence Day , 30 June (1960)
Nationality: noun: Congolese (singular and plural) adjective: Congolese or Congo
Natural hazards: periodic droughts in south; Congo River floods (seasonal); in the east , in the Great Rift Valley , there are active volcanoes
Population: 66 ,514 ,504 note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy , higher infant mortality , higher death rates , lower population growth rates , and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2008 est.)
Religions: Roman Catholic 50% , Protestant 20% , Kimbanguist 10% , Muslim 10% , other (includes syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs) 10%
Terrain: vast central basin is a low-lying plateau; mountains in east
Unemployment rate: NA%

Capital of Democratic Republic of the Congo

Kinshasa (click to view Kinshasa map)

Places in Congo, Democratic Republic of the

Browse the most comprehensive and up-to-date online directory of administrative regions and Street views in Congo, Democratic Republic of the. Regions are sorted in alphabetical order from level 1 to level 2 and eventually up to level 3 regions.

Bandundu Province (2916 google map locations)
Bas-Congo Province (862 google map locations)
Équateur Province (2961 google map locations)
Kasaï- Province (1621 google map locations)
Kasaï-Occidental Province (1353 google map locations)
Katanga Province (3042 google map locations)
Kinshasa Province (82 google map locations)
Maniema Province (1077 google map locations)
Nord-Kivu Province (641 google map locations)
Orientale Province (3347 google map locations)
Sud-Kivu Province (609 google map locations)

Random cities in Congo, Democratic Republic of the

Kinshasa, the capital city of Congo, Democratic Republic of the.


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