Turkmenistan

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Welcome to Google maps of Turkmenistan (TM) and locations list of this country. World and City Maps and its detailed Turkmenistan page is the place where Google maps Sightseeing make sense! With comprehensive destination gazetteer, Route Planner to Turkmenistan, World and City Maps.com enables you to explore Turkmenistan through detailed Satellite Imagery and Street View - fast, free and easy as never before. Browse the list of administrative regions below of Turkmenistan, follow the navigation through administrative regions to find place you are interested in and Book your hotel with Best Price Guarantee! Your Turkmenistan Google Satellite Map Sightseeing and Street View starts here!




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Why are Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan important?

Turkmenistan has the smallest population of the five former Soviet republics in Central Asia. It is made up mainly of desert, and is important as it has the world's fifth largest estimated reserves of natural gas. Turkmenistan declared its sovereignty in1990,and becamea member of the Commonwealth of Independent States in 1991, together with ten other former Soviet republics. Uzbekistan's majestic cities such as Bukhara and Samarkand, famed for their architectural opulence, once flourished as trade and cultural centres. Today, it is one of the world's biggest producers of cotton.

Facts about Turkmenistan

Administrative divisions: 5 provinces (welayatlar , singular - welayat) and 1 independent city*: Ahal Welayaty (Anew) , Ashgabat* , Balkan Welayaty (Balkanabat) , Dashoguz Welayaty , Lebap Welayaty (Turkmenabat) , Mary Welayaty note: administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)
Area: total: 488 ,100 sq km land: 488 ,100 sq km water: NEGL
Background: Eastern Turkmenistan for centuries formed part of the Persian province of Khurasan; in medieval times Merv (today known as Mary) was one of the great cities of the Islamic world and an important stop on the Silk Road. Annexed by Russia between 1865 and 1885 , Turkmenistan became a Soviet republic in 1924. It achieved independence upon the dissolution of the USSR in 1991. Extensive hydrocarbon/natural gas reserves could prove a boon to this underdeveloped country if extraction and delivery projects were to be expanded. The Turkmenistan Government is actively seeking to develop alternative petroleum transportation routes to break Russia's pipeline monopoly. President for Life Saparmurat NYYAZOW died in December 2006 , and Turkmenistan held its first multi-candidate presidential electoral process in February 2007. Gurbanguly BERDIMUHAMEDOW , a vice premier under NYYAZOW , emerged as the country's new president.
Flag description: green field with a vertical red stripe near the hoist side , containing five tribal guls (designs used in producing carpets) stacked above two crossed olive branches; a white crescent moon representing Islam with five white stars representing the regions or welayats of Turkmenistan appear in the upper corner of the field just to the fly side of the red stripe
Capital: name: Ashgabat (Ashkhabad) geographic coordinates: 37 57 N , 58 23 E time difference: UTC+5 (10 hours ahead of Washington , DC during Standard Time)
Climate: subtropical desert
Currency code:
Ethnic groups: Turkmen 85% , Uzbek 5% , Russian 4% , other 6% (2003)
Geographic coordinates: 40 00 N , 60 00 E
Geography note: landlocked; the western and central low-lying desolate portions of the country make up the great Garagum (Kara-Kum) desert , which occupies over 80% of the country; eastern part is plateau
Government type: republic; authoritarian presidential rule , with little power outside the executive branch
Imports partners: UAE 14.8% , Turkey 10.6% , China 9.5% , Ukraine 9% , Russia 8.4% , Iran 7.2% , Germany 6.8% , US 5.8% (2007)
Internet country code: .tm
Land boundaries: 0 km; note - Turkmenistan borders the Caspian Sea (1 ,768 km)
Neighbouring countries: total: 3 ,736 km border countries: Afghanistan 744 km , Iran 992 km , Kazakhstan 379 km , Uzbekistan 1 ,621 km
Languages: Turkmen 72% , Russian 12% , Uzbek 9% , other 7%
Location: Central Asia , bordering the Caspian Sea , between Iran and Kazakhstan
Map references: Asia
National holiday: Independence Day , 27 October (1991)
Nationality: noun: Turkmen(s) adjective: Turkmenistani
Natural hazards: NA
Population: 5 ,179 ,571 (July 2008 est.)
Religions: Muslim 89% , Eastern Orthodox 9% , unknown 2%
Terrain: flat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes rising to mountains in the south; low mountains along border with Iran; borders Caspian Sea in west
Unemployment rate: 60% (2004 est.)

Capital of Turkmenistan

Aşgabat (click to view Aşgabat map)

Places in Turkmenistan

Browse the most comprehensive and up-to-date online directory of administrative regions and Street views in Turkmenistan. Regions are sorted in alphabetical order from level 1 to level 2 and eventually up to level 3 regions.

Ahal Province (257 google map locations)
Balkan Province (212 google map locations)
Dasoguz Province (88 google map locations)
Lebap Province (314 google map locations)
Mary Province (183 google map locations)

Random cities in Turkmenistan

Aşgabat, the capital city of Turkmenistan.


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